Karakol is the administrative centre of Issyk-Kul.
The city is situated in the east of the Issyk-Kul Basin at the mouth of the Karakol river, in the foothills of the Terskey Ala-Too mountains, at the altitude of 1770 m above sea level, 13 km from the coast of the Issyk-Kul lake. Karakol is connected with the capital by a road 403 km long.
Summer in Karakol is moderate hot with the average temperature 18° C in July. In winter it often snows. 20 cm - 30 cm snow lies for 140 days. The average temperature in January is -10° C. The annual precipitation is about 570 mm. Maximum precipitation is in summer and minimum precipitation is in winter. Humidity is 60% - 65%.
Karakol city was founded in 1869 as the administrative centre of uyezd (administrative unit). The city is located on the caravan road leading to Kulja. The plan of the city was made by Russian topographers in 1869. The city was divided into rectangular blocks with straight streets. In 1881 construction of 6 blocks was fully accomplished. At the end of the 19-th century the Orthodox Church was built in Karakol. Population of the city increased because Uzbek, Tatar, Uigur, Russian and Ukranian migrants settled here. People were engaged in agriculture, trade, cattle breeding. After the death of the great Russian traveler N.Przhevalsky (he died in Karakol in 1888) the city was given the name Przhevalsk.
At the beginning of the 20-th century Przhevalsk had 3 brewery factories, 7 soap factories, 2 saw mills, 12 flour mills, more than 1000 houses, 2 wooden churches, 9 mosques, 4 medrese, 7 schools, girls’ gymnasium, library, hospital for soldiers.
Construction developed in Przhevalsk after the Great Patriotic War.
In the 1990-s city ‘s traditional name, Karakol, was restored.
In Karakol there are enterprises of power-engineering, wood-processing, light and food industries, production of building materials.
Take a Mini bus 'to Karakol' or by taxi from the west bus terminal of Bishkek.
Taxi (500-600com / About 5-6 hours)
Mini bus (300com / About 6-7 hours)
*Arrived at the main bus terminal in Karako